Eczema (dermatitis) is shown the red
stains, dry and itchy skin, often covered
This condition is also called eczema.
Risk factors or dependent form of the disease.
Main characteristics of eczema - red, dry
and itchy skin, which is sometimes covered
with small blisters filled with fluid.
Eczema tends to periodic relapses throughout
the life of the patient.
There are several different forms of eczema.
Some provoked quite certain factors, but others, such as nummular eczema,
develops for unknown reasons.
Atopic dermatitis - the most common form of
It usually first appears as early as infancy
and may worsen in adolescence and middle
The reason for this condition is not known, but people with an inherited
tendency to allergic reactions, including
asthma, are more prone to this form of
Direct contact with irritants or allergic reaction to them can lead to the
development of other forms of eczema -
This form of eczema affects everyone, from
infants to adults.
The exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis is unknown, though this condition is
often associated with the propagation of
yeast-like organisms on the skin.
This form of eczema is more common in men
than in women.
When nummular eczema on the skin of the arms, legs and torso appear itchy
round patches of dry skin, moreover, the
affected skin may become wet.
Asteatoz - skin disease is most common in
Its causes dryness of the skin, which is one
of the signs of aging.
In addition, exposure to dry and cold air
can also cause asteatoz.
Characterized by scaly plaques scattered, sometimes covered with cracks.
This form of eczema occurs in areas of thick
skin on the fingers, palms and soles.
First appear itchy blisters, sometimes they
merge and form large moist areas that
thicken and crack.
The reason is not known.
To remove the itching and inflammation of
the skin using topical corticosteroids.
Need to avoid contact with substances that
can irritate the skin.
In the case of contact dermatitis to
determine the cause of the allergy skin
tests are used.
Most forms of eczema can be successfully controlled.
Eczema in Children - itching and redness of
the skin, sometimes accompanied by the
appearance of scaly rash.
Can occur at any age, but most often
develops under the age of 18 months.
Sometimes the predisposition to the disease
Exposure to irritants exacerbates the
Gender does not matter.
The disease can last for many years, but
usually takes place in early childhood.
A child with eczema redness, inflammation of
the skin, itching, which may cause him
Causes of eczema in children remain unknown.
Some children have eczema may cause some
allergens (substances that trigger an
These may include: cow's milk, soy, wheat and eggs.
Children with eczema are also subject to
other conditions that accompany allergies,
such as hay fever and asthma.
Close relatives of the child may also suffer from allergies of some type,
which suggests involvement of hereditary
factors in the appearance of eczema.
Some of the symptoms of eczema in children may
- Red scaly rash;
- Severe itching;
- Gradual thinning of the skin.
Infants rash usually occurs on the face and
neck, and when the child begins to crawl,
goes on knees and elbows.
In older children, the rash usually appears
on the inside of the elbows and knees and
Intense itching makes the child to comb the
affected area, while respecting the
integrity of the skin and making it easier
to get into the wound pathogenic bacteria.
With the development of infection inflammation becomes heavier, sores begin to
A rare but serious complication of eczema is
varioliformny pustulosis sarcoma that
develops when a child suffering from eczema
is infected with herpes simplex virus.
This complication is accompanied by the spread of rashes all over the body,
the formation of blisters and fever.
With the development of a child's eczema
should consult your doctor.
Your child's doctor will explain the rules
of daily care of the child, and recommend
those skin care child that fit him well, for
example, not soderzhashih flavors bath oils
Your doctor may prescribe topical
corticosteroids, thus relieving
inflammation, and antibiotics in oral form
or ointments containing antibiotics, if the
affected skin is infected.
The child will be assigned to oral antihistamines, which help to reduce
itching and act as uspokaivayushie funds.
In very rare cases, children with severe
eczema be hospitalized.
Treatment usually consists in the application of ointments with
corticosteroids in the inflamed area and
applied to the affected skin with bandages
soaked softening ointment.
To prevent the development of relapse and maintain the health of the child in
a normal state, should observe the following
- Avoid using cosmetics with aromatic additives;
- Not undermine the child soap and softening milk;
- When washing the child to use moisturizers bath;
- Immediately after washing rub into the skin of the child cooled moisturizer;
- Use of topical corticosteroids prescribed by the doctor;
- If the child is combing the wound, you should make sure that his nails cut
With the development of the child
varioliformnogo pustulosis sarcoma should be
hospitalized for treatment.
Treatment includes intravenous infusion of antiviral drugs.
If it is determined that the cause of eczema
is a type of food, with the exception of the
dishes from the child's diet can help to
cope with the problem.
Nevertheless, the development of the child's
special diet needs to be addressed to
parents together with your doctor.
Prevent the development of allergies in children may be breastfed.
Since eczema is a chronic disease, against which there is no treatment with
immediate and final results, you can use
methods of alternative medicine on the
advice of a doctor.
The child may suffer from eczema during
Although there is no effective treatment for
the disease, symptoms of eczema can usually
To youthful age eczema usually passes
without leaving scars on the skin, but in
very rare cases, the rash can last.
Approximately half of eczema sufferers
develop other allergic reactions.
How to treat
Methods of treatment
dermatitis and eczema
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