If a man is young or middle-aged walking
down the street and stops frequently, as if
waiting out until the pain will pass, you
can almost say-it unmistakably sick
The fact that the leading symptom is the
so-called intermittent claudication: due to
the strong compressive pain in the calf
muscle a person has while walking to stop
After a short rest, the pain goes away.
It occurs due to insufficient blood flow and
hence oxygen and nutrients to the tissues of
Occlusive disease - a disease affecting usually artery legs and usually
develops in people younger (35-40 years),
predominantly in men.
scientists now adhere to the autoimmune
theory of obliterating endarteritis.
It is based on the assertion that the defeat
of the arteries in this disease is an
Due to inflammation of the inner layer of the artery wall -
endothelium-thickens and then can occur
obliteration (imperforate) vessel.
Degenerative and inflammatory processes develop in the perivascular adipose
tissue, making it compresses the sealed
vessel and the outside, which gives more
flow in it.
Occlusive disease may develop acute, but
often the disease progresses slowly.
Periods "exacerbation followed by periods of remission.
In the initial stage of the disease organic
changes in the vascular wall yet, and only
observed in the form of functional disorders
Patients complain of heaviness in the legs,
numbness and pins and needles in the fingers
and feet, a periodic cooling of the feet,
the skin on the legs fades, it becomes dry.
Leg muscles from time to time constrains convulsive pain, resulting in
As the progression of endarteritis trophic (feeding) of all tissues feet
deteriorating and, if not promptly begin
treatment on the foot or lower leg can
develop ulcers and even develop a serious
complication, as gangrene of the fingers and
That is why it is so important in time to see a doctor to determine the true
cause of the initial manifestations of the
An accurate diagnosis your doctor help
modern instrumental methods of diagnostics,
which allow us to determine the degree and
Among the most common now sphygmography
volume, rheovasography, studies using
These methods are quite simple, informative,
non-traumatic and can be used not only in
hospitals but also in the outpatient
As for rentgenokrntrastnoy angiography, it is made in the hospital.
If the diagnosis is confirmed obliterating
endarteritis, you need years and, moreover,
systematically and meticulously carry out
all prescription, to prevent the development
of serious complications.
On punctuality and discipline of the patient depends largely on the outcome of
It is necessary to visit a doctor at least
once in 2-4 months.
There are some methods of self-control, which, of course, does not exclude the
need to be in the clinic.
Determine the degree of impaired circulation
in the arteries by using the heart rate at
certain points on the foot (see. Figure).
Technology heart rate trained physicians.
In addition, the patient should be aware that if the distance that it travels
without causing leg pain increases, and the
time after which it passes, shortened - so
his condition is improving, and vice versa.
With regard to supply patients endarteritis,
no special diet they do not need.
But we should not overeat, eat liberally before bedtime, so as not to
accumulate extra pounds: it is a heavy
burden for the patients feet.
Those who are overweight, it is necessary to
reduce caloric intake, to exclude from it
all sweet, flour and try to lose weight.
It is recommended to exclude the sharp, salty dishes, pickles, smoked meats.
Require daily walking.
Should walk before the pain in the affected
leg, then it is necessary to stand up to the
complete disappearance of pain and only
after that you can continue to walk.
Total recommended to walk for about an hour a day.
It is useful to do morning exercises and perform special exercises for the
muscles of the legs: flexion, breeding hand
movements that mimic cycling.
Very useful and ride a bicycle, swim, but
the water temperature should not be below
In short, a feasible exercise, physical activity really need such a patient,
as contribute to the normalization of
peripheral blood circulation, improve the
functional state of the cardiovascular
system, nutrition of tissues, supply them
And finally, the last piece of advice, which
is of significance should be placed in the
Endarteritis patient must be permanently
give up smoking and drinking, as both
nicotine and alcohol lead to vasospasm.
In addition, the substances contained in
tobacco smoke, violate the nutrition of
tissues and exacerbate the pathological
changes in the vessel walls.
That is why endarteritis usually develops in
How to treat
Methods of treatment
laser Vityas (on