one of the most
gynecological diseases.What methodsof examination and
Causesof cervical erosion
Erosionis adefect inthe mucosaof the cervix.True erosionof the cervixis rareandthere areshort-lived.Herhealingusually occursin 10-14 days.
Butmore oftenthe term "cervical
erosion" calledanother process.
The normalvaginalpart of the cervixis covered bythe so-calledstratified squamous
Inthe cervical canalarequite differentcylindricalcellsarranged in onelayer.
Under the influence ofmany factorszonejunctionof these two differenttissuescan be displacedto the surfaceof the cervix.And cylindricalcells arewhere theyshould not be.On cellsof columnar epithelium(CE)
start actingacidic environmentandmicroorganisms that livein the vaginathatsupportchronic inflammation.In addition,CE, unlike
MBEhas nobarrier propertiesand can notprevent the intrusionof bacteria and/ orviruses inthe cervical canalanduterine cavity.This defectin the medicallanguage is calledpseudoorectopia, and
in usefor ease ofuse the word"erosion".
The most frequentcauses oferosioninclude mechanicaldamage tothe cervix,lowered immunity,
genital infections(genital herpes,
human papilloma virus, and others).
Truecervical erosioncan occuraftera difficult birth,
abortion andother gynecologicintrauterineinterventions.Also,due tothe resultingdiscontinuities.The cervixmay be, as if
to turn out,
columnar epitheliumof the cervical canalis on thevaginal partof the cervix andformedectopia.
The symptomsof cervical erosion
The symptomsare scarce.Typically, cervical
erosion does not leadto significant changesin thestate of health ofthe woman.
In womenwith this diseasedo not havediscomfortin the abdomen.
Andit does not appearduring intercoursebecauseonthe cervixare nosensitive receptors.
However, after theintimacyof somewomenexperiencing slightspottingorsukrovichnyeallocation, which
is a good reasonto visit thegynecologist.
In most casesof cervical erosionis arandom findingon examinationthe gynecologist.The doctorseesit asa smallbright redpatch on thecervix.However, toclarify the diagnosis,
it is important to make afurther examination-
Calledcolposcopyexaminationof the cervixusing a specialoptical instrumentwith a magnification of25-30 times.
The devicehelps the doctorsee betterchanged parts.
Aftercolposcopygynecologistputsa more accurate diagnosis.
The factthatthe term "cervical
erosion" refers to severaldiseasesof differentorigin andprognosis.Test takesat least 20 minutes,
but it isvirtuallypainless for thepatient.
During acolposcopy,the gynecologistis possible tomakea biopsyabnormal areaof the cervix.This studyis carried outnotinthe case when thepatientcomplains ofanysymptoms, but only
if the physicianduring colposcopysawa suspicioussite.
A biopsyis usually performedon a5-7daycycle, immediately
after the cessation ofmenses.It is also importanttotake the materialat the timethere was noinflammationof the vagina.Therefore,ifyou are concerned aboutitching ordischarge,seemdesirable tothe gynecologistand treatedbeforehand.
And then togo to theexaminationof the cervix.
Dr.excisedsmall sectionof cervical tissue,
then to send it to thehistological examination.
A detailed study ofthe cellsincervical erosionanddepth of the lesionallows the physician todevelop a propertreatment strategypatient.
Despite the factthat the symptoms oferosion isalwayspronounced,
the disease istreated.Cervical pseudocharacterized by the
presencearoundthe cervical canalof theepithelium,whichdoes not havea protective function,
and can not prevent the
infection (if any)
from the vagina
into the uterus.
Furthermore,in some cases, a
process of spontaneousepithelisationerosionthat can leadto the formationof defectiveepithelium.